Disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education that is the result of inappropriate identification.
B-9 Data Information
What is B-9?
When were the data collected?
Findings of noncompliance are based on data from SY 2017-2018 and SY 2018-2019 (data collected between July 1, 2017, and June 30, 2019) and monitoring results.
Information on how B-9 was used in Determinations can be found on the Determinations resource page of this training site.
What is the target?
- Special Education Public Reporting from MI School Data — For detailed information about B-9, click on the indicator name.
- Procedures for Calculation of ISD and Member District Disproportionate Representation by Race/Ethnicity in Special Education
- Disproportionate Representation FAQs
- APR Definition: Percent of districts with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services that is the result of inappropriate identification. (20 U.S.C. 1416(a)(3)(C))
- Calculation: Percent = [(# of districts, that meet the state-established n and/or cell size (if applicable) for one or more racial/ethnic groups, with disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education and related services that is the result of inappropriate identification) divided by the (# of districts in the State that meet the State-established n and/or cell size (if applicable) for one or more racial/ethnic groups)] times 100
- Calculation Notes: A risk ratio greater than 2.5 for two consecutive years for any racial/ethnic group in all or one of six eligibility categories was used to identify ISDs for monitoring activities. Calculations are performed for all ISDs and member districts with 30 or more students with an IEP. In cases where the sum of all other students with an individualized education program (IEP) equals fewer than ten, an alternate risk ratio (ARR) was calculated for the race under consideration, per IDEA Data Center recommendation. The ARR was calculated when the racial/ethnic distribution of the ISD’s student population varied significantly from the state racial distribution which was used to calculate weighted risk ratios/ARR. The risk ratio (RR) compared identification rates by race/ethnicity with the ISD’s student population.